Poker Games

Texas Hold’em

Hold’em poker (also known as Texas Hold’em) is the most popular poker game in the world. There are three types of Hold’em games – Mougle.com:

  • Limit Hold’em (specific betting limit applied to each game and on each round of betting)
  • Pot Limit Hold’em (players can bet what’s in the pot)
  • No Limit Hold’em (players can bet all of their chips at any time)

The Game:

Hold’em poker usually uses what is called a “dealer button” to indicate the theoretical dealer of each hand. After each hand is completed, as with standard poker rules, the button moves clockwise to the next active player. This player will be considered “the dealer” for that hand. As a rule (if not indicated otherwise), a single deck of cards is used, consisting of 52 cards, excluding the jokers.

First Round:

A fresh game starts with the first person sitting at the table becoming the dealer and the next player—the player to the left of the dealer – posting what’s called “the small blind.”

The small blind, officially, is equal to half of the lower stake at any given table, but this is only a guideline and NOT a strict rule. What usually happens is that the small blind is rounded down to the nearest whole dollar. For example, if you’re playing at a $5/$10 Hold’em table, you would expect the small blind to be $2.50. In actuality, the small blind is only $2. There are different procedures at different tables, so be sure you know what you’re expected to do. Rounding down, however, is very common in most online poker rooms.

Moving on: the player to the left of the small blind is required to post “the big blind,” equal to the lower stake limit. In certain scenarios it’s possible for more than one player to post a big blind in a hand. This can happen if a new player joins a table at which a game is already going on. The new player gets the option of placing a big blind at the start of the next hand or waiting for his or her turn (as decided by the movement of the button) to place the big blind in turn. Just as a reminder, all of the blinds in Hold’em poker are considered live bets and the players who post them have the option of checking, calling, raising or folding when the action returns to them.

After the blinds have been placed, the down cards/hole cards are dealt to each active player. In Hold’em, two cards are dealt to each of the players, after which the first betting round begins. The player to the left of the player who placed the big blind starts the betting for the round.

Each player now has the option to place his or her bets in the first round, in which the values are set at the lower limit of the stake structure. For example, in a $10/$20 Hold’em game, the value of each bet is $10 for the first round. When we say that the bets are limited to $10, it refers to a SINGLE BET. In other words, a regular bet is $10 but a raise would be $20, since it includes one additional bet and a call on a player’s previous bet.

Bets can be placed by the following options: betting, calling and raising. Each player also has the option to fold. These options are available to each player depending on the action taken by the previous player. The first player to act in the first round sits to the left of the big blind, and naturally gets the bet, call and raise options first. Subsequent players get the options of call and raise only. As a reminder, calling means betting the same as what the previous player has bet. Raising means raising whatever the bet/call amount of the previous player was, and can be calculated based on the value of the previous bet.

Every player participating in the hand should place the same bet amount as the previous players (including bets, calls and raises). The betting will continue until all players have placed equal amounts in the pot. There is, however, a limit on the amount and the number of bets a player can place during a single betting round. Check our Rules section for details on this.

After the first round of betting is over, the three community cards—A.K.A., “the flop”—are dealt. The community cards are common to all players participating in the hand.

Second Round:

After the flop and in each subsequent betting round, the first active player to the left of the button, or dealer, is first to act. And just like in the first round, the second round limits the value of bets and raises to the lower limit of the stake structure. In a $10/$20 game, then, each bet is $10 for the second round, and raises are again at $20.

After the bets have been made, the fourth community card is dealt. This one’s known as “the turn.”

Third Round:

The third betting round starts again with the player to the left of the button, but bets and raises are now moved to the upper limit of the stake structure (at a $10/$20 table, $20 would be the upper limit). Following the same pattern, that means that single bets are $20, and raises are $40.

After the third round of bets have been made, the fifth and final community card is dealt out. This card is called “the river.”

Fourth Round:

The fourth and final round mirrors the third round. The betting structure is at the upper limits, as opposed to the lower limits used in the first two rounds. Again, that means single bets are $20 are a $10/$20 table, and raises are $40.

Some standard rules

A maximum of four bets, including one bet and three raises, are allowed for each betting round per player.

The term “cap” is used to describe the final raise in a round, since betting is then capped and no one can make another raise. Once capped, players will have the option of calling or folding only. Folding can be done at any stage of the game. The action of folding means that the player is no longer considered part of the game, and does not have any rights over pots created on the table.

Apart from folding, a player also has the option of checking, which means that the player passes his or her turn without placing a bet. This option is not always available to the player, and depends on the actions taken by the previous player in the hand. The player HAS TO equal the amount of the bets placed by other players for each round in the hand.

Poker is typically played by “table stakes,” which means that only the chips in play at the beginning of each hand can be used throughout the hand. This means that players cannot get additional funds from the cashier while they are in the midst of a game. The table stakes rule has an application called the “all in” rule, which states that a player cannot be forced to forfeit a hand because he or she doesn’t have enough chips to call a bet.

Exceptions to betting values in each round:

A player who doesn’t have enough chips to call a bet is declared “all in.” The player is eligible for the portion of the pot up to the point of his final wager. All further action involving other players takes place in a “side pot,” which is unavailable to the player who has already gone all in.

When a player goes all in, the pot currently at the center of the table, which has contributions from that player as well as from the others, is treated as the main pot, and the player has rights over it. After the player goes all-in, however, new bets are placed in a side pot, over which only the contributing players have rights. The all-in player does not have rights over the side pot. The side pot is given to the next winning combination.

After the final round of betting, it’s time for the most exciting part of Hold’em poker, called “the showdown.” This refers to the action of deciding who the winner of the pot is by displaying cards from all remaining players (though this is optional and players don’t have to show their cards). Five cards are used for deciding the winning hand. The following combination of five cards may be used:

  • Both hole cards and three community cards
  • One hole card and four community cards
  • All five community cards, which is known as “playing the board”

There is a set ranking of cards, which is used for deciding the winning combination. To view the various ranks that are possible, click here.

If two or more hands have the same ranking, the winner is the one who has the higher cards. For example, a flush with an ace high beats a flush with a king high. If the hands still remain tied, then the highest card not held in common (“the kicker”) determines the winner. The suit order of the cards is not taken into account while deciding on the winning cards. Should poker hands be absolutely identical in ranking, the rules of poker distribute the pot evenly between the two or more winning players. If there is an odd chip, the winning player to the left of the button/dealer receives it.

The rules remain the same as above for both no-limit and pot-limit Texas Hold’em games, but there are a few exceptions:

As mentioned above, in limit Texas Hold’em a maximum of four bets is allowed per player during any betting round. This includes a (1) bet, (2) raise, (3) re-raise, and (4) cap. But in no-limit and pot-limit Hold’em there are no limits to the number of raises that a player can make. The only criteria are that you cannot raise yourself (in other words, if a player bets during a betting round, then that player has to be raised by another player in order for him or her to re-raise). If all of the other players in the hand only call or fold, a player does not have the option to raise, because the last raise was made by him or her.

Betting structure for no-limit Texas Hold’em:

  • Minimum raise: The raise amount must be at least as much as the previous bet or raise in the same round. As an example, if the first player to act bets $100, then the second player must raise a minimum of $100 (total bet of $200).
  • Maximum raise: The size of your stack (your chips on the table).

Betting rules for pot-limit Texas Hold’em:

  • Minimum raise: The raise amount must be at least as much as the previous bet or raise in the same round. As an example, if the first player to act bets $100, then the second player must raise a minimum of $100 (total bet of $200).
  • Maximum raise: The size of the pot. The size of the pot is defined as the total of the active pot (which can either be the main pot or the side pot depending on whether anyone has gone “all in”), plus all bets on the table, plus the amount the active player must first call before raising.
    As an example, if the active pot is $200 and the first player to act in the round bets $150, and the next player calls $150, the third player has a maximum eligible total bet of $800. The $800 total is made up of the $150 call and $650 raise. The $650 max raise portion is equal to the pot of $200 + first player’s $150 + second player’s $150 + the player’s own call

Omaha High

Omaha High poker (also known as simply Omaha High) is one of the most popular poker games in the world, after Texas Hold’em poker. There are two types of Omaha High games:

  • Limit Omaha High (specific betting limit applied to each game and on each round of betting)
  • Pot Limit Omaha High (players can bet what’s in the pot)

The game:

Like Texas Hold’em, Omaha High poker uses what’s called a “dealer button” to indicate the theoretical dealer of each hand. After each hand is completed, as with standard poker rules, the button moves clockwise to the next active player. This player is considered “the dealer” for that hand. Usually a single deck of cards is used to play a hand of poker, where a deck is 52 cards, excluding the jokers.

First round:

A fresh game starts with the first person sitting at the table becoming the dealer and the next player—the player to the left of the dealer—posting what’s called “the small blind.”

The small blind, officially, is equal to half of the lower stake at any given table, but this is only a guideline and NOT a strict rule. What usually happens is that the small blind is rounded down to the nearest whole dollar. For example, if you’re playing at a $5/$10 Omaha High table, you would expect the small blind to be $2.50. In actuality, the small blind is only $2. There are different procedures at different tables, so be sure you know what you’re expected to do. Rounding down, however, is very common in most online poker rooms.

Moving on: the player to the left of the small blind is required to post “the big blind,” equal to the lower stake limit. In certain scenarios it’s possible for more than one player to post a big blind in a hand. This can happen if a new player joins a table at which a game is already going on. The new player gets the option of placing a big blind at the start of the next hand or waiting for his or her turn (as decided by the movement of the button) to place the big blind in turn. Just as a reminder, all of the blinds in Omaha High poker are considered live bets and the players who post them have the option of checking, calling, raising or folding when the action returns to them.

After the blinds have been placed, the down cards/hole cards are dealt to each active player. In Omaha High—unlike in Texas Hold’em—four cards are dealt to each of the players, after which the first betting round begins. The player to the left of the player who placed the big blind starts the betting for the round.

Each player now has the option to place his or her bets in the first round, in which the values are set at the lower limit of the stake structure. For example, in a $10/$20 Omaha High game, the value of each bet is $10 for the first round. When we say that the bets are limited to $10, it refers to a SINGLE BET. In other words, a regular bet is $10 but a raise would be $20, since it includes one additional bet and a call on a player’s previous bet.

Bets can be placed by the following options: betting, calling and raising. Each player also has the option to fold. These options are available to each player depending on the action taken by the previous player. The first player to act in the first round sits to the left of the big blind, and naturally gets the bet, call and raise options first. Subsequent players get the options of call and raise only. As a reminder, calling means betting the same as what the previous player has bet. Raising means raising whatever the bet/call amount of the previous player was, and can be calculated based on the value of the previous bet.

Every player participating in the hand should place the same bet amount as the previous players (including bets, calls and raises). The betting will continue until all players have placed equal amounts in the pot. There is, however, a limit on the amount and the number of bets a player can place during a single betting round. Check our Rules section for details on this.

After the first round of betting is over, the three community cards—A.K.A., “the flop”—are dealt. The community cards are common to all players participating in the hand.

Second round:

After the flop and in each subsequent betting round, the first active player to the left of the button, or dealer, is first to act. And just like in the first round, the second round limits the value of bets and raises to the lower limit of the stake structure. In a $10/$20 game, then, each bet is $10 for the second round, and raises are again at $20.

After the bets have been made, the fourth community card is dealt. This one’s known as “the turn.”

Third round:

The third betting round starts again with the player to the left of the button, but bets and raises are now moved to the upper limit of the stake structure (at a $10/$20 table, $20 would be the upper limit). Following the same pattern, that means that single bets are $20, and raises are $40.

After the third round of bets have been made, the fifth and final community card is dealt out. This card is called “the river.”

Fourth round:

The fourth and final round mirrors the third round. The betting structure is at the upper limits, as opposed to the lower limits used in the first two rounds. Again, that means single bets are $20 are a $10/$20 table, and raises are $40.

Some standard rules:

A maximum of four bets, including one bet and three raises, are allowed for each betting round per player.

The term “cap” is used to describe the final raise in a round, since betting is then capped and no one can make another raise. Once capped, players will have the option of calling or folding only. Folding can be done at any stage of the game. The action of folding means that the player is no longer considered part of the game, and does not have any rights over pots created on the table.

Apart from folding, a player also has the option of checking, which means that the player passes his or her turn without placing a bet. This option is not always available to the player, and depends on the actions taken by the previous player in the hand. The player HAS TO equal the amount of the bets placed by other players for each round in the hand.

Poker is typically played by “table stakes,” which means that only the chips in play at the beginning of each hand can be used throughout the hand. This means that players cannot get additional funds from the cashier while they are in the midst of a game. The table stakes rule has an application called the “all in” rule, which states that a player cannot be forced to forfeit a hand because he or she doesn’t have enough chips to call a bet.

Exceptions to betting values in each round:

A player who doesn’t have enough chips to call a bet is declared “all in.” The player is eligible for the portion of the pot up to the point of his final wager. All further action involving other players takes place in a “side pot,” which is unavailable to the player who has already gone all in.

When a player goes all in, the pot currently at the center of the table, which has contributions from that player as well as from the others, is treated as the main pot, and the player has rights over it. After the player goes all-in, however, new bets are placed in a side pot, over which only the contributing players have rights. The all-in player does not have rights over the side pot. The side pot is given to the next winning combination.

After the final round of betting, it’s time for the most exciting part of Omaha High poker, called “the showdown.” This refers to the action of deciding who the winner of the pot is by displaying cards from all remaining players (though this is optional and players don’t have to show their cards). Five cards are used for deciding the winning hand—two hole cards and three community cards.

There is a set ranking of cards, which is used for deciding the winning combination. To view the various ranks that are possible, click here.

If two or more hands have the same ranking, the winner is the one who has the higher cards. For example, a flush with an ace high beats a flush with a king high. If the hands still remain tied, then the highest card not held in common (“the kicker”) determines the winner. The suit order of the cards is not taken into account while deciding on the winning cards. Should poker hands be absolutely identical in ranking, the rules of poker distribute the pot evenly between the two or more winning players. If there is an odd chip, the winning player to the left of the button/dealer receives it.

The rules remain the same as above for both no-limit and pot-limit Omaha High games, but there are a few exceptions:

As mentioned above, in limit Omaha High games a maximum of four bets is allowed per player during any betting round. This includes a (1) bet, (2) raise, (3) re-raise, and (4) cap. But in no-limit and pot-limit Omaha High there are no limits to the number of raises that a player can make. The only criteria are that you cannot raise yourself (in other words, if a player bets during a betting round, then that player has to be raised by another player in order for him or her to re-raise). If all of the other players in the hand only call or fold, a player does not have the option to raise, because the last raise was made by him or her.

Betting structure for no-limit Omaha High:

  • Minimum raise: The raise amount must be at least as much as the previous bet or raise in the same round. As an example, if the first player to act bets $100, then the second player must raise a minimum of $100 (total bet of $200).
  • Maximum raise: The size of your stack (your chips on the table).

Betting structure for pot-limit Omaha High:

  • Minimum raise: The raise amount must be at least as much as the previous bet or raise in the same round. As an example, if the first player to act bets $100, then the second player must raise a minimum of $100 (total bet of $200).
  • Maximum raise: The size of the pot. The size of the pot is defined as the total of the active pot (which can either be the main pot or the side pot depending on whether anyone has gone “all in”), plus all bets on the table, plus the amount the active player must first call before raising.
    As an example, if the active pot is $200 and the first player to act in the round bets $150, and the next player calls $150, the third player has a maximum eligible total bet of $800. The $800 total is made up of the $150 call and $650 raise. The $650 max raise portion is equal to the pot of $200 + first player’s $150 + second player’s $150 + the player’s own call of $150.

Omaha 8 or Better

Omaha 8 or Better (also known as Omaha Hi-Lo) is one of the most popular poker games in the world, behind the one and only Texas Hold’em. Usually there are two types of Omaha 8 or Better games played:

Limit Omaha 8 or Better (specific betting limit applied to each game and on each round of betting)

Pot Limit Omaha 8 or Better (player can bet what’s in the pot)

The game:

Omaha 8 or Better poker usually uses what is called a “dealer button” to indicate the theoretical dealer of each hand. After each hand is completed, as with standard poker rules, the button moves clockwise to the next active player. This player will be considered “the dealer” for that hand. As a rule (if not indicated otherwise), a single deck of cards is used, consisting of 52 cards, excluding the jokers.

First round:

A fresh game starts with the first person sitting at the table becoming the dealer and the next player—the player to the left of the dealer—posting what’s called “the small blind.”

The small blind, officially, is equal to half of the lower stake at any given table, but this is only a guideline and NOT a strict rule. What usually happens is that the small blind is rounded down to the nearest whole dollar. For example, if you’re playing at a $5/$10 Omaha 8 or Better table, you would expect the small blind to be $2.50. In actuality, the small blind is only $2. There are different procedures at different tables, so be sure you know what you’re expected to do. Rounding down, however, is very common in most online poker rooms.

Moving on: the player to the left of the small blind is required to post “the big blind,” equal to the lower stake limit. In certain scenarios it’s possible for more than one player to post a big blind in a hand. This can happen if a new player joins a table at which a game is already going on. The new player gets the option of placing a big blind at the start of the next hand or waiting for his or her turn (as decided by the movement of the button) to place the big blind in turn. Just as a reminder, all of the blinds in Omaha 8 or Better poker are considered live bets and the players who post them have the option of checking, calling, raising or folding when the action returns to them.

After the blinds have been placed, the down cards/hole cards are dealt to each active player. As in Omaha High, four cards are dealt to each of the players in Omaha 8 or Better, after which the first betting round begins. The player to the left of the player who placed the big blind starts the betting for the round.

Each player now has the option to place his or her bets in the first round, in which the values are set at the lower limit of the stake structure. For example, in a $10/$20 Omaha 8 or Better game, the value of each bet is $10 for the first round. When we say that the bets are limited to $10, it refers to a SINGLE BET. In other words, a regular bet is $10 but a raise would be $20, since it includes one additional bet and a call on a player’s previous bet.

Bets can be placed by the following options: betting, calling and raising. Each player also has the option to fold. These options are available to each player depending on the action taken by the previous player. The first player to act in the first round sits to the left of the big blind, and naturally gets the bet, call and raise options first. Subsequent players get the options of call and raise only. As a reminder, calling means betting the same as what the previous player has bet. Raising means raising whatever the bet/call amount of the previous player was, and can be calculated based on the value of the previous bet.

Each player now has the option to place his or her bets in the first round, in which the values are set at the lower limit of the stake structure. For example, in a $10/$20 Omaha 8 or Better game, the value of each bet is $10 for the first round. When we say that the bets are limited to $10, it refers to a SINGLE BET. In other words, a regular bet is $10 but a raise would be $20, since it includes one additional bet and a call on a player’s previous bet.

Every player participating in the hand should place the same bet amount as the previous players (including bets, calls and raises). The betting will continue until all players have placed equal amounts in the pot. There is, however, a limit on the amount and the number of bets a player can place during a single betting round. Check our Rules section for details on this.

After the first round of betting is over, the three community cards—A.K.A., “the flop”—are dealt. The community cards are common to all players participating in the hand.

Second round:

After the flop and in each subsequent betting round, the first active player to the left of the button, or dealer, is first to act. And just like in the first round, the second round limits the value of bets and raises to the lower limit of the stake structure. In a $10/$20 game, then, each bet is $10 for the second round, and raises are again at $20.

After the bets have been made, the fourth community card is dealt. This one’s known as “the turn.”

Third round:

The third betting round starts again with the player to the left of the button, but bets and raises are now moved to the upper limit of the stake structure (at a $10/$20 table, $20 would be the upper limit). Following the same pattern, that means that single bets are $20, and raises are $40.

After the third round of bets have been made, the fifth and final community card is dealt out. This card is called “the river.”

Fourth round:

The fourth and final round mirrors the third round. The betting structure is at the upper limits, as opposed to the lower limits used in the first two rounds. Again, that means single bets are $20 are a $10/$20 table, and raises are $40.

Some standard rules:

A maximum of four bets, including one bet and three raises, are allowed for each betting round per player.

The term “cap” is used to describe the final raise in a round, since betting is then capped and no one can make another raise. Once capped, players will have the option of calling or folding only. Folding can be done at any stage of the game. The action of folding means that the player is no longer considered part of the game, and does not have any rights over pots created on the table.

 

Apart from folding, a player also has the option of checking, which means that the player passes his or her turn without placing a bet. This option is not always available to the player, and depends on the actions taken by the previous player in the hand. The player HAS TO equal the amount of the bets placed by other players for each round in the hand.

Poker is typically played by “table stakes,” which means that only the chips in play at the beginning of each hand can be used throughout the hand. This means that players cannot get additional funds from the cashier while they are in the midst of a game. The table stakes rule has an application called the “all in” rule, which states that a player cannot be forced to forfeit a hand because he or she doesn’t have enough chips to call a bet.

Exceptions to betting values in each round:

A player who doesn’t have enough chips to call a bet is declared “all in.” The player is eligible for the portion of the pot up to the point of his final wager. All further action involving other players takes place in a “side pot,” which is unavailable to the player who has already gone all in.

When a player goes all in, the pot currently at the center of the table, which has contributions from that player as well as from the others, is treated as the main pot, and the player has rights over it. After the player goes all-in, however, new bets are placed in a side pot, over which only the contributing players have rights. The all-in player does not have rights over the side pot. The side pot is given to the next winning combination.

After the final round of betting, it’s time for the most exciting part of Omaha 8 or Better poker, called “the showdown.” This refers to the action of deciding who the winner of the pot is by displaying cards from all remaining players (though this is optional and players don’t have to show their cards). Five cards are used for deciding the winning hand—two hole cards and three community cards.

In Omaha 8 or Better, the pot is divided into “high” and “low” sides. On the high side, there’s no need to qualify: the best hand automatically wins half the pot, and could win the whole pot. To win the low side of the pot, however, you have to qualify, which is why the game is called Omaha 8 “or Better.”

To qualify for the low side of the pot, it takes a five-card hand with different numerical values from ace through eight (with ace being the lowest). The best low hand, therefore, is ace, 2, 3, 4 and 5, which is called the “wheel” or “bicycle”. The winning low hand goes to the player with the lowest high card. For example, a player with a 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 hand has a better result than someone with ace, 2, 4, 6, 8. If two or more players have the same high card, the player with the second lowest card (or third, fourth or fifth, if necessary) wins the low side of the pot.

There is a set ranking of cards, which is used for deciding the winning combination. To view the various ranks that are possible, click here.

TIES: In the event that two or more players tie for one side of the pot, they split that side into equally divided portions. If there is an odd chip, it goes to the person closest to the left of the “button,” or dealer. Note that one player winning the high side in Omaha 8 or Better and two players who tie for the low side is not all that uncommon.

Some things to remember:

Straights and flushes do NOT count against you when qualifying for the low side of the pot.

You are permitted to use different cards in your hand for both the high and low sides, or you can use the same cards for both sides.

In a split pot, any left-over odd chip goes to the high side of the pot.

To determine your hand(s) in Omaha 8 or Better, you MUST play two of your four “down” cards with three of the “up” cards, or community cards. As mentioned above, you may play different cards for the high and low sides.

The suit order of the cards is not taken into account when deciding on the winning hand. Should two or more hands be absolutely identical in ranking, the rules of poker distribute the pot evenly between the two or more winning players. This applies to both play money and real money.

The rules remain the same as above for both limit and pot-limit Omaha 8 or Better games, but there are a few exceptions:

As mentioned above, in limit Omaha 8 or Better a maximum of four bets is allowed per player during any betting round. This includes a (1) bet, (2) raise, (3) re-raise, and (4) cap. But in pot-limit Omaha 8 or Better there are no limits to the number of raises that a player can make. The only criteria are that you cannot raise yourself (in other words, if a player bets during a betting round, then that player has to be raised by another player in order for him or her to re-raise). If all of the other players in the hand only call or fold, a player does not have the option to raise, because the last raise was made by him or her.

Betting structure for pot-limit Omaha 8 or Better

Minimum raise: The raise amount must be at least as much as the previous bet or raise in the same round. As an example, if the first player to act bets $100, then the second player must raise a minimum of $100 (total bet of $200).

Maximum raise: The size of the pot. The size of the pot is defined as the total of the active pot (which can either be the main pot or the side pot depending on whether anyone has gone “all in”), plus all bets on the table, plus the amount the active player must first call before raising.

As an example, if the active pot is $200 and the first player to act in the round bets $150, and the next player calls $150, the third player has a maximum eligible total bet of $800. The $800 total is made up of the $150 call and $650 raise. The $650 max raise portion is equal to the pot of $200 + first player’s $150 + second player’s $150 + the player’s own call of $150.

Seven Card Stud

Seven Card Stud is a well-known form of poker that’s always gaining in popularity. It’s played with up to eight players at the table.

The game:

A single deck of cards is used to play Seven Card Stud, where a deck refers to 52 cards, excluding jokers.

First round:

A fresh game begins with all players posting the “ante,” which is a predetermined amount placed in the pot before the cards are dealt. The amount of the ante is based on the size of the game, and does not follow any set rule. For example, the ante amount for a $1/$2 table is $0.25, while the ante amount for a $3/$6 table is $0.50. The exact amount should be made clear at the online casino you’re playing at.

In Seven Card Stud poker, players receive seven cards: three “down” cards and four “up” cards.

After the antes have been placed, the first round gets under way with each player being dealt three cards—two down cards and one up card. The up card is also known as the “door card” or “third street.” The lowest up card initiates the action with what’s called a “bring-in” bet. If two or more players have the same lowest card, the person who “brings it in” is determined by suit order in the following progression: clubs, diamonds, hearts and spades.

Each player is allowed one bet and three raises in each betting round. To continue play, players must take action from what’s given to them in each betting round, unless they are “all in.” (More on “all in” later.)

Second round:

After the first round, another card is dealt face-up to each player who’s still in the game; in other words, every player who didn’t fold on third street. The second round of betting, as you might expect, is called “fourth street.” From fourth street on, the highest hand showing begins the action by checking or betting. If a pair is showing on fourth street, players have the option to make a single or double bet. If a player makes a single/double bet, the other players may call, raise the single bet, raise the double bet, or fold. In the event of a double bet, only an equal amount may be raised.

Third round:

After third street and fourth street have passed you by, it’s time for “fifth street”—if you’re still alive, of course. In this third round of betting, another card is dealt face-up to those who remain in the pot and, again, the highest hand showing starts the action by checking or betting.

One difference between the later rounds and the first two rounds is that the betting limits switch from the table’s lower number to its higher number. For example, if you’re playing at a $5/$10 table, you can bet $10 once you’ve reached the third round, whereas in the first two rounds you can bet only $5.

Fourth round:

The fourth round continues in the same vein as the others: this round is called “sixth street” and the betting limits remain on the higher number.

Fifth round:

The fifth and final round is a little bit different. The last card is dealt face down instead of face up, and this card is called the “river” (although many people call it “seventh street” too).

Some standard rules:

A maximum of four bets, including one bet and three raises, are allowed for each betting round per player. As mentioned above, players must take action on what’s given to them in every round of Seven Card Stud in order to remain in the game (unless they are “all in”).

The term “cap” is used to describe the final raise in a round, since betting is then capped and no one can make another raise. Once capped, players will have the option of calling or folding only. Folding can be done at any stage of the game. The action of folding means that the player is no longer considered part of the game, and does not have any rights over pots created on the table.

Apart from folding, a player also has the option of checking, which means that the player passes his or her turn without placing a bet. This option is not always available to the player, and depends on the actions taken by the previous player in the hand. The player HAS TO equal the amount of the bets placed by other players for each round in the hand.

Poker is typically played by “table stakes,” which means that only the chips in play at the beginning of each hand can be used throughout the hand. This means that players cannot get additional funds from the cashier while they are in the midst of a game. The table stakes rule has an application called the “all in” rule, which states that a player cannot be forced to forfeit a hand because he or she doesn’t have enough chips to call a bet.

Exceptions to betting values in each round:

A player who doesn’t have enough chips to call a bet is declared “all in.” The player is eligible for the portion of the pot up to the point of his final wager. All further action involving other players takes place in a “side pot,” which is unavailable to the player who has already gone all in.

When a player goes all in, the pot currently at the center of the table, which has contributions from that player as well as from the others, is treated as the main pot, and the player has rights over it. After the player goes all-in, however, new bets are placed in a side pot, over which only the contributing players have rights. The all-in player does not have rights over the side pot. The side pot is given to the next winning combination.

Upon completion of the final round of betting, the best hand wins the pot. Note, however, that the pot may also be won by someone who bets without being called at any time during the hand. Your hand is determined by using the best FIVE of seven cards. The following combinations may be used:

  • Five cards from the seven dealt to you.
  • One community card, or “board card,” and four of the cards dealt to you.

There is a set ranking of cards, which is used for deciding the winning combination. To view the various ranks that are possible, click here.

If two or more hands have the same ranking, the winner is the one who has the higher cards. For example, a flush with an ace high beats a flush with a king high. If the hands still remain tied, then the highest card not held in common (“the kicker”) determines the winner. The suit order of the cards is not taken into account while deciding on the winning cards. Should poker hands be absolutely identical in ranking, the rules of poker distribute the pot evenly between the two or more winning players. If there is an odd chip, the winning player to the left of the button/dealer receives it.

Stud 8 or Better

Seven Card Stud 8 or Better is a well-known form of poker that’s sometimes called Seven Card Stud Hi-Lo.

The game:

A single deck of cards is used to play Seven Card Stud 8 or Better, where a deck refers to 52 cards, excluding jokers.

First round:

A fresh game begins with all players posting the “ante,” which is a predetermined amount placed in the pot before the cards are dealt. The amount of the ante is based on the size of the game, and does not follow any set rule. For example, the ante amount for a $1/$2 table is $0.25, while the ante amount for a $3/$6 table is $0.50. The exact amount should be made clear at the online casino you’re playing at.

In Seven Card Stud 8 or Better poker, players receive seven cards: three “down” cards and four “up” cards.

After the antes have been placed, the first round gets under way with each player being dealt three cards—two down cards and one up card. The up card is also known as the “door card” or “third street.” The lowest up card initiates the action with what’s called a “bring-in” bet. If two or more players have the same lowest card, the person who “brings it in” is determined by suit order in the following progression: clubs, diamonds, hearts and spades.

Each player is allowed one bet and three raises in each betting round. To continue play, players must take action from what’s given to them in each betting round, unless they are “all in.” (More on “all in” later.)

Second round:

After the first round, another card is dealt face-up to each player who’s still in the game; in other words, every player who didn’t fold on third street. The second round of betting, as you might expect, is called “fourth street.” From fourth street on, the highest hand showing begins the action by checking or betting. If a player makes a bet, the other players may call, raise the bet, or fold.

Third round:

After third street and fourth street have passed you by, it’s time for “fifth street”—if you’re still alive, of course. In this third round of betting, another card is dealt face-up to those who remain in the pot and, again, the highest hand showing starts the action by checking or betting.

One difference between the later rounds and the first two rounds is that the betting limits switch from the table’s lower number to its higher number. For example, if you’re playing at a $5/$10 table, you can bet $10 once you’ve reached the third round, whereas in the first two rounds you can bet only $5.

Fourth round:

The fourth round continues in the same vein as the others: this round is called “sixth street” and the betting limits remain on the higher number.

Fifth round:

The fifth and final round is a little bit different. The last card is dealt face down instead of face up, and this card is called the “river” (although many people call it “seventh street” too).

Some standard rules:

A maximum of four bets, including one bet and three raises, are allowed for each betting round per player. As mentioned above, players must take action on what’s given to them in every round of Seven Card Stud 8 or Better in order to remain in the game (unless they are “all in”).

The term “cap” is used to describe the final raise in a round, since betting is then capped and no one can make another raise. Once capped, players will have the option of calling or folding only. Folding can be done at any stage of the game. The action of folding means that the player is no longer considered part of the game, and does not have any rights over pots created on the table.

Apart from folding, a player also has the option of checking, which means that the player passes his or her turn without placing a bet. This option is not always available to the player, and depends on the actions taken by the previous player in the hand. The player HAS TO equal the amount of the bets placed by other players for each round in the hand.

Poker is typically played by “table stakes,” which means that only the chips in play at the beginning of each hand can be used throughout the hand. This means that players cannot get additional funds from the cashier while they are in the midst of a game. The table stakes rule has an application called the “all in” rule, which states that a player cannot be forced to forfeit a hand because he or she doesn’t have enough chips to call a bet.

Exceptions to the value of betting in each round:

A player who does not have enough chips to call a bet is declared All-In. The player is eligible for the portion of the pot to the point of his final wager. All further action involving other players takes place in a “side pot”, which is unavailable to the player who has already gone All-In. When a player goes All-in, the pot currently at the center of the table, which has contributions from him/her as well, is treated as the main pot, over which the All-in player has rights. After the player goes all-in, all the new bets are placed in a side pot, over which only the contributing players have rights. The All-in player does not have any rights over the side pot. The side pot is then given to the next winning combination.

Upon completion of the final round of betting, the best hand wins the pot. (The pot may also be won by someone who bets without being called at any time during the hand.). Your “hand” is determined by using the best five of seven cards. A combination of the following may be used – ? Five cards from the seven dealt to you ? One board (community) card and four of the cards dealt to you. There is no qualifying on the “High” side – the best hand automatically wins half the pot and could win the whole pot. To win the “Low” side, however, you have to qualify (which is why the game is called Seven Card Stud “8 or Better”).

To qualify for Low: It takes a five-card hand with different numerical values from Ace through eight (with the Ace being the lowest value) to qualify for the “Low” half of the pot. The best “Low” hand is A,2,3,4,5 (also known as the “wheel” or “bicycle”). The winning “Low” hand is the one with the lowest high card in it. If two or more players qualify for “Low” but have the same highest card, the second lowest high card (and if necessary progressing down to the third, fourth, or fifth lowest high card) would be the winning hand. For example, a 2,3,4,6,8 would be a better “Low” hand than an A,2,4,7,8.

There is a set rank of cards, which is used for deciding the winning combination. To view the various ranks that are possible, click here.

Split Pot: Any leftover odd chip goes to the “High” hand. If two or more players tie for the “High” side of the pot and there is an odd chip, the player with the highest card in their hand is awarded the odd chip. (If they have the same high valued card, the suit takes preference going from Spades, Hearts, Diamonds, and Clubs.) If two or more players “tie” for the “Low” side of the pot and there is an odd chip, that chip is awarded to the player with the lowest card in their hand. (If they have the same lowest card, the suit takes preference in the order of Clubs, Diamonds, Hearts, and Spades.)

Some things to remember:

  • Straights and flushes do NOT count against you when qualifying for the low side of the pot.
  • You are permitted to use different cards in your hand for both the high and low sides, or you can use the same cards for both sides.